Tranquil Spain

Since our initial studies in 2013, we have identified in our research, distinctions amongst people’s views on how they experience tranquil spaces and natural beauty according to a number of factors including nationality and cultural backgrounds.


To further test this aspect we have been keen to transfer our research overseas. Since March 2019, we are delighted to work with the University of Seville and the team of Health & Territory Research led by Professor Marco Cumbrera in contributing to………


Assessing the Influence of Urban Green and Blue Spaces on the Physical Activity and Psychological Health of the Population living in Sanlúcar de Barrameda




This project is a research initiative investigating the links between urban green and blue spaces on the physical activity and psychological health of the population living in Sanlúcar de Barrameda (SdB). SdB is a Spanish city and municipality located in the province of Cadiz, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia with a population of 68,037 hab. (2018) and an excellent location with a horizon framed by its natural beaches, the Guadalquivir estuary and the Doñana National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site). This study is part of the Spanish Research Project “Assessment of the Impact of Urban Sprawl on the Daily Habits, Urban Mobility and Health of the Adult Population in Spanish Metropolitan Areas, URDIS” (2016-2020) funded by the R&D Program of the Ministry of Economy and Competiveness (CSO2015-66855-P).


In order to complete the aims of the URDIS research project, one agreement is being signed between the Health & Territory Research (HTR) of the University of Seville and the city council of Sanlúcar de Barrameda, following previous experiences working with the Municipalities of Mairena del Aljarafe and Carmona (both in the Province of Seville).




This is cross-sectional study with opportunities to become a longitudinal one. The population information will be collected through a self-reported representative survey household. Each individual household will be geo-located and we will use GIS to calculate distances and routes from the households to the closest green and blue spaces. We will employ 3-4 researchers who will interview each specific individual from the selected sample during a 3-4 months’ period (excluding summer or other holidays). The municipal Census will be used for the random sample selection, representative by age, gender and geography area. The questionnaire will incorporate a set of items related to the sociodemographic characteristics, physical activity, psychological health, perceptions, including how tranquillity is or not experienced, and how green and blue spaces are used. A research team comprised of around 8 researchers including geographers, urban planners, psychologists, statisticians and environmentalist are cooperating together to develop this project and obtain the expected results. Collaboration with the greenspaces research team of University of Winchester, led by Professor Denise Hewlett is much welcomed in progressing perceptions and experiences of tranquillity in and around the case study area.


Expected results


We expect to assess the possible associations and determinants between proximity and contact to urban green and blue spaces and physical activity and psychological health. A variety of aspects will be also evaluated since the collected information will be open to answer several research questions.


Prof. Marco Garrido Cumbrera, Ph.D

Health & Territory Research (HTR)

Universidad de Sevilla


"“It is in your power to withdraw yourself whenever you desire. Perfect tranquility within consists in the good ordering of the mind, the realm of your own.”
― Marcus Aurelius